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The West African territory now known as Nigeria was first discovered in 1472 by researchers from Portugal who were seeking a sea route to Asia. Their names were Joao de Santarem, Lopo Goncalves , Pero Escobar, and Fernao de Po.
Nigeria was not given it name by Nigerians themselves, but by the European colonizers.
According to historical sources, the country received its present name in 1897 when the continent was actively colonized. Most other modern African countries did not exist then.
The name of our country is connected with the Niger River.
Interestingly, the country was given its name by British journalist Flora Shaw in the 19th century. Flora Shaw later married Baron Frederick Lugard, a British colonial administrator (the Governor General of both Northern and Southern Protectorates).
Flora Shaw combined the words “Niger” known as the country’s longest river, and “Area” means its environs to get the word “Nigeria” (referring to the area surrounding the river Niger).
The adjectival form being “Nigerian” referring to people from the River Niger Area (Nigeria).
Niger, however in Latin mean black and surprisingly enough for a lot of people, Nigeria actually means Black Area-which is ironic, since it is the most populous black nation in the world.
In 1886, Lady Shaw was a journalist from Britain who participated in the Brussels conference on the struggle against slavery. She was the only female representative at the event.
She also served as the editor in Times. After marriage, she changed her surname to Lugard. Her husband was the acting governor of Hong Kong, and also Governor-General in Nigeria.
During the First World War, she participated in the works of the Committee of War Refugees and founded her own Hospitality Committee.
In 1918, she was awarded the title of Dame Commander of the British Empire Order.
Flora Shaw died on the 25th of January 1929 in Surrey, United Kingdom.

Source: Ourpage9ja

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